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George Washington Forest Plan Released with Recommended Additions to Wilderness

The new forest plan for the George Washington National Forest in Virginia was released on Tuesday, November 18 and contains many positive conservation provisions. Below is a segment of the new plan that gives details of recommended additions to Wilderness and other special protected areas. Full details of the new plan can be found on the U.S. Forest Service website for the George Washington & Jefferson National Forests.

Details of Wilderness and other special area protections:
The Forest Plan recommends for congressional designation several areas for Recommended Wilderness Study that includes two new stand-alone areas and four additions to existing Wilderness. These areas include the following (as mapped): Little River (9,500 acres), Beech Lick Knob (5,700 acres), Rich Hole Addition (4,600 acres), Ramseys Draft Addition (6,100 acres), Rough Mountain Addition (1,000 acres), and Saint Mary’s-West Addition (300 acres). The recommended wilderness study areas total about 27,200 acres.

The Forest Plan recommends for congressional designation the Shenandoah Mountain Area as a Recommended National Scenic Area (about 90,000 acres that includes about 21,000 acres of existing and recommended wilderness) and has allocated a management prescription specific to this area.

All Inventoried Roadless Areas (242,000 acres) would be managed to retain their roadless character, prohibiting timber harvest and road construction with limited exceptions, in accordance with the 2001 Roadless Area Conservation Rule. Of the Potential Wilderness Areas that are not Inventoried Roadless Areas (140,000 acres), about 50,000 acres are assigned to the Backcountry Recreation management prescription area where timber harvest and road construction are not allowed. About 86,000 acres that have existing road
access are assigned to the Mosaics of Wildlife Habitat management prescription area where vegetation is actively managed and road construction is allowed. However, any road construction would be subject to environmental analysis and that analysis would consider the impacts of the activities on the wilderness character of the area.

There are approximately 201,000 acres of remote areas of the Forest outside of Wilderness allocated to Remote Backcountry where timber harvest and road construction are not permitted. These areas include:
Adams Peak, Archer Knob, Beech Lick Knob, Beards Mountain, Benson Run, Big Schloss, Crawford Knob, Church Mountain, Dolly Anne, Duncan Knob, Elliott Knob, Great North Mountain, High Knob, Jerkemtight, Laurel Fork, Lick Run, Little Alleghany, Little Mare Mountain, Mill Mountain, North Mountain (Lee), Northern Massanutten, Oliver Mountain, Paddy Mountain (Lee), Rough Mountain, Rich Patch, Shenandoah Mountain (WV), Shaws Ridge, Southern Massanutten, The Friar, Three Ridges, Three Sisters, Vesuvius, Warm Springs Mountain, and West Blue Ridge (Whites Peak).

Press release from the Southern Environmental Law Center in response to the newly-released plan:

For Immediate Release:
November 18, 2014

Sarah Francisco, Southern Environmental Law Center,, 434-977-4090
Megan Gallagher, Shenandoah Valley Network,, 540-253-5162

Local Conservation Groups Support U.S. Forest Service Decision to Keep GW National Forest Lands Off Limits to Gas Drilling and Fracking

Charlottesville, VA – Local conservation and community groups expressed support for today’s decision from the U.S. Forest Service to make the George Washington National Forest (GW) unavailable for oil and gas drilling, except for a small portion of the forest already under gas lease or subject to private mineral rights.

The long-term forest management plan, released today, makes clear that no additional GW lands will be opened up to leasing and drilling, while existing gas development rights remain unaddressed by the plan. On this 1.1-million acre forest, only around 10,000 acres are currently under gas lease and 167,000 acres are subject to private mineral rights. There is no gas drilling on the GW currently.

“This decision protects the existing uses and values of the special George Washington National Forest,” said Sarah Francisco, senior attorney at the Southern Environmental Law Center. “As a native Virginian who grew up in the Shenandoah Valley, I’m pleased that the U.S. Forest Service has done the right thing and recognized that the George Washington National Forest—a beloved place for our entire region—deserves protection.”

As the largest national forest in the East, over a million people per year visit the GW and its headwaters ultimately provide drinking water supplies for more than 4.5 million people. The threat of it being opened to large-scale gas drilling had caused widespread concerns about converting popular national forest lands to industrial sites.

Three years ago the Forest Service released a draft GW plan which would have prohibited horizontal gas drilling but made most of the forest available for vertical drilling. Since then, dozens of public interest organizations, eleven local governments surrounding the forest, Governor McAuliffe, several public water suppliers, and over 75,000 public comments weighed in to support the Forest Service’s proposal, as did the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and National Park Service. U.S. Senators Warner and Kaine also urged the Forest Service to heed Virginians’ clear wishes. The final forest plan takes a different protective approach, preventing any form of oil or gas drilling on the majority of the GW lands.

“The federal government has rightly heeded local wishes and chosen to protect the unspoiled lands of the GW,” said Megan Gallagher, interim director of the Shenandoah Valley Network. “There is no history of major oil and gas development in the Shenandoah Valley and not one county has embraced industrial gas development as a priority for public or private lands. This decision preserves the Valley’s recreation and agriculture-driven economy.”

As the home to popular destinations such as Shenandoah Mountain and the Great Eastern Trail, the GW provides abundant recreational opportunities to the approximately 10 million people who live within a couple hours’ drive, and it is a major economic contributor to the region. Visitors to the GW contribute substantially to the $13.6 billion in consumer spending, $923 million in tax revenue, and 138,000 jobs generated annually by outdoor recreation in Virginia.

Local and regional governments and businesses have expressed widespread concern that opening the lands to gas drilling and fracking would negatively affect local economies, particularly adjacent farms, which provide the economic backbone of the area. Agriculture is Virginia’s largest industry, and the GW region provides more than two-thirds of the value of the Commonwealth’s agricultural production.

Because fracking uses huge quantities of water and often undisclosed chemicals to break up shale formations deep underground to release natural gas, this decision will ensure that high-quality drinking water continues to flow from the GW. The GW is a direct source of local drinking water to more than 329,000 people living in and around the Shenandoah Valley , and it lies in the watersheds of the James, Shenandoah, and Potomac Rivers—which ultimately provide water to over 4.5 million people downstream in cities such as Washington, D.C. and Richmond, VA. Map of local drinking water supplies:

“Communities in the GW region recognize the risks fracking poses to our water, our economy, and our quality of life,” said Kim Sandum, Executive Director of Community Alliance for Preservation in Rockingham County. “This decision protects and preserves the forest itself and also the communities that value and depend on it.”

For more information:
The Southern Environmental Law Center is a regional nonprofit using the power of the law to protect the health and environment of the Southeast (Virginia, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama). Founded in 1986, SELC’s team of more than 60 legal and policy experts represent more than 100 partner groups on issues of climate change and energy, air and water quality, forests, the coast and wetlands, transportation, and land use.

The Shenandoah Valley Network links local community groups working on land protection, land use and transportation issues in six Virginia counties. SVN works to maintain healthy and productive rural landscapes and communities, to protect and restore natural resources, and to strengthen and sustain our region’s agricultural economy.

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